Functional Foods / Superfoods

Per Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Functional_food.  Key definitions are:

 

“Functional food or medicinal food is any fresh or processed food claimed to have a health-promoting or disease-preventing property beyond the basic function of supplying nutrients.  The general category of functional foods includes processed food or foods fortified with health-promoting additives, like "vitamin-enriched" products. Fermented foods with live cultures are considered as functional foods with probiotic benefits.

 

Functional foods are an emerging field in food science due to their increasing popularity with health-conscious consumers.

 

Nutraceutical, a term combining the words “nutrition” and “pharmaceutical,” was originally defined by Dr. Stephen L. DeFelice to describe a nutritional product that claims to provide medicinal benefits in addition to their regular nutritional value.  Nutraceuticals can refer to foods, dietary supplements, medical foods, and functional foods that may provide prevention and treatment of illness or disease. Nutraceutical foods are not subject to the same testing and regulations as pharmaceutical drugs.”

 

Superfoods from http://www.eatrightamerica.com/andi-superfoods list the ANDI (Aggregate Nutrition Density Score) sources.  Higher score indicates higher density of nutrition.  Key Dr Fuhrman Nutritarian/EatRightAmerica superfoods include: kale 1000, collards 1000, bok choy 824, spinach 739, brussel sprouts 672, arugula 559, cabbage 481, romaine 389, broccoli 376, cauliflower 295, green pepper 258, artichoke 244, carrots 240, asparagus 234, strawberry 212, pomegranate juice 193, tomato 164, blueberries 130, iceberg 110, orange 109, lentils 104, and cantaloupe 100.

 

Functional Foods List from International Food Information Council Foundation - See http://www.foodinsight.org/Resources/Detail.aspx?topic=Functional_Foods_Fact_Sheet_Antioxidants

 

For information on Daily Reference Intakes for specific populations see http://www.iom.edu. 

 

The WebMD list of superfoods is at http://www.webmd.com/diet/features/superfoods-everyone-needs

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